Title: Wonder of Snowflakes
Type: Crayon Resist Art Lesson
Grade Rage: K – 5
A fun and easy-to-execute lesson plan great for young students that explores simple crayon resists and watercolor painting!
- Maped Essentials School Scissors 5” [Blunt: 480110 or Pointed: 480210].Children with less developed motor skills should opt for Maped Koopy Spring-Assisted Educational Scissors 5” 
- Maped Color’Peps PlastiClean Plastic Crayons x24 
- 1 sheet of Manila paper cut into 3 circles (small, medium & large)
- 1 sheet of 9×12 Manila paper (or newsprint)
- 1 sheet of 9×12 White paper, uncut
- Watercolor Paint Palettes (cool colors like Blue & Purple work best!)
- 2” Watercolor Brush and Bowls for Water (tuna cans work great for this!)
- Salt; table, kosher, or margarita. (It can be a mixture)
- Glue Sticks
- Tape to paper drawing to table (optional)
- Students will create a design which includes arranging a variety of shapes (at least 3) in a pleasing design and then make a rubbing of the with crayons
- Enhance the design with a wash of watercolors in blue and purple to contrast the white snowflakes.
- Create added texture by adding salt to the design to create “crystal” patterns in the background of their white snowflakes.
Overview & Directions
Explain to students that they will first be cutting out snowflake shapes to create a template for their resist drawings. Demonstrate how to fold the Manila circles into fourths, and how to cut out sections to create patterns. Then you can discuss what makes up a good artistic composition while laying out their cutouts, coloring with crayons and finishing them with watercolor paint!
- Ahead of the lesson prep the paint by removing a purple and blue cake of watercolor paint out of a watercolor palette and place them in 2 small bowls of water (tuna cans are perfect!). Add enough water to soak the paint until they become soft and dissolve in the water. More water may be added as needed when students begin using it.
- Together as a class, begin with the big circle and fold the paper in half going across the circle. With the flat fold pointing towards you and the curve facing away, fold the outside thirds inward to make a triangle. You should be left with what looks like a pie shape with the tip pointing towards you (see illustration below):
- Rotating the point of the pie away from you, draw a “V” shape in the outside (curved) side of the circle and cut it out.
- Unfold the pie shape and see how it looks. Refold it and make additional cuts along the folded edges and on the curved top side to make the snowflake more complex!
- Fold and cut the medium and small snowflakes just as you did the large one. It is more difficult to cut little holes in the smaller snowflake, so they will appear a little simpler. Make sure each student puts their names on their snowflakes to avoid confusion!
- Give each child a glue stick and 1 sheet of Manila paper 9 x 12. Instruct the students to just put a LITTLE dab of glue on the snowflakes in one spot and arrange them on the new paper. (They will be moving them later, so they only need to hold the snowflakes down temporarily.) Explain the “variety” of sizes and cuts in the snowflakes will make their artwork more interesting.
- Place one sheet of 9×12 White paper over the paper with the snowflakes tacked down . You may choose to pass out small pieces of tape to tape the two papers together to keep them from slipping.
- Take a lavender PlastiClean Crayon and place the crayon FLAT on its side and RUB LIGHTLY over the places where the snowflakes are underneath. Try to make sure you can see where the EDGES of the SHAPE of the snowflake can be seen!
- Now that the child can see the snowflakes, they can take the white PlastiClean Crayon and color the snowflake white. Press down hard with the white so that the snowflake looks waxy. The children will be able to see if they have rubbed over all six sides of their snowflakes on the white paper, make sure they don’t color the holes of their snowflake in! You can also have them sign their name in crayon on the front of the design if you would like to.
- When the student can see ALL the patterns on the snowflakes, they can carefully lift off the white paper and remove their snowflakes. They can rearrange the snowflakes or trade with other student’s snowflakes close to them to fill up their paper.
- As the students complete their drawings by filling in the resist with the PlastiClean Crayons, they can take their designs to a designated watercolor station. Using a 2” paintbrush, broadly stroke over the entire paper to add a wash of blue and purple. If there’s not enough contrast, add a bit more paint. Be care about saturating the paper too much, you don’t want it limp and soggy.
- While the paper is still wet and glistening, sprinkle a little salt around the paper. As it dries, the salt draws the water with the color, and it will create smaller crystal textures in the background. Being careful not to touch the salt after it is on the paper, transfer to a drying rack to dry undisturbed!
Discussion Topics & Evaluation:
- After the artwork dries, ask the students if they are able to see different snowflakes when they painted over them? If they couldn’t, ask what might they have done differently so the snowflakes showed up. Did the watercolor wash (roll over and off) of the crayon? Can you see any crystals patterns created from the salt? Can you think of other objects in the classroom that have raised and lowered shapes (RELIEF)?
- What was it about the paper snowflakes that made it show up?
1.) The crayon was “waxy” so the paint didn’t stick to it. The difference (CONTRAST) in the white snowflakes against the colored background made them stand out. 2.) The holes and edges of the shapes of snowflakes (raised and lowered shapes caused RELIEF-some places were high and some were low.) The crayon stuck to the raised part of the paper underneath.
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See you soon!